[ii] Mittelhauser, Glen Howard, Marilee Lovit, and Donna Kausen. The tragedy of the Ribes. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Skunk Currant (Ribes glandulosum). Skunk Current is easily distinguished when flowering or fruiting by the glandular hairs on the ovary, becoming bristly glandular hairs on the fruits, and stems that lack spines or bristles. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. However, our native flora contains a good number of excellent-tasting gooseberries and currants. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Cook and Pine counties. Only the red berries have hairs with this one, and although I have read the berries have been used as food, the taste is poor and they are covered with spiky hairs, you would have to cook and strain them to be rid of the spikes. Other Internet Images: The Ribes glandulosum webpage from Camilla's Home Page. Ribes glandulosum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). Your Name: Some of the common edible ones: Agaricus bisporus, Agaricus campestris, Lycoperdon perlatum, Cantharellus cibarius, Boletus edulis, Clitocybe nuda, Macrolepiota procera, Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus ... Ribes glandulosum. It takes 30,000 plants to make one pound of spice. Adirondack upland flora: an ecological perspective. Ribes (ry-bees) is a genus of about 150 species of flowering plants native throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The calyx cupping the flower is yellowish to greenish white, hairless to sparsely hairy and sometimes glandular, with 5 sepal lobes that are rather petal-like, much larger and showier than the actual petals, rounded or lobed at the tips, widely spreading and white to creamy colored. The genus includes the edible currants (blackcurrant, … Block. The upper surface is hairless or variously covered in minute glandular hairs, the lower is hairless or with scattered long hairs, typically with sparse glandular hairs along major veins. Have your hedge work for you and plant a "fedge" (food hedge) or "fredge" (fruiting hedge). These species have high wildlife value as well, with fruit eaten by a variety of birds and mammals. [i]https://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/lessons/fungi/Basidiomycetes/Pages/WhitePine.aspx. The Ribes species consist of both gooseberries and currants. The most similar species is Swamp Black Currant (Ribes lacustre), which also has similar glandular hairs on flowers and fruits, but has very bristly stems and is the exception to the “no spines or bristles” rule for currants in Minnesota. See the glossary for icon descriptions. At one point, up to 11,000 Civilian Conservation Corps men were employed in a single year to eradicate Ribes from the wild[i]. The home range for this species is predominantly west of the Mississippi. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Ribes glandulosum (skunk currant), used in a compound decoction of the root for back pain and for "female weakness" by the Ojibwa people. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Northern Gooseberry: prickly shrub to 4 ft tall; small clusters of 5-petaled flowers, creamy yellow to greenish, stamens as long as the petals, style longer than the stamens, ovary smooth, sepals erect to spreading Other currants, found in northerly and high elevation forests, include bristly black currant, skunk currant, and wild red currant. The various species are known as currants or gooseberries, and some are cultivated for their edible fruit or as ornamental plants. Distribution: Ribes glandulosum is a north-temperate to boreal species that occurs throughout insular Newfoundland and can be found in Labrador as far north as about 58° N (Scoggan 1978). Gay, not Ruiz & Pavon. Note that is prickly like its relatives the gooseberries. New twigs are green, sparsely hairy and glandular, becoming smooth and gray the second year with tiny brown lenticels (pores) and the thin outer layer peeling away. Aronia Mine seems unnaffected by being flooded during the winter/early spring, and is even blooming and forming berries this year in part shade! Older stems are brownish to gray and lack spines or prickles. I first met American gooseberry (Ribes hirtellum) scrambling across rock ledges on the sea-sculpted cliffs of Downeast Maine. When leaves are young and tender they are edible to humans as well. However, it can still be found in a wide variety of habitats from the Rocky Mountains east. Some states ban the planting of some or all Ribes species, and in Maine, where the white pine timber crop is considerable, active eradication of wild Ribes species is encouraged. In the case of prickly gooseberry (Ribes cynosbati), even the fruits are prickly (especially when unripe), calling to mind nasty medieval weaponry. Uncommon fruits for every garden. Veins are prominent and radiate from the base. American black currant along the Delaware River, American black currant, swamp, Morris County NJ. Between the calyx and flower stalk is a green ovary covered in red glandular hairs. Our native currants and gooseberries were subject to eradication programs in the early 20th century because some Ribes species are alternate hosts for the white pine blister rust. If you're interested in restoring habitats using native edible species, the Ribes are a great genus to know. Where in Minnesota? Stems are erect to ascending but more often sprawling, rooting at the nodes and spreading vegetatively. In my experience, the fruits are not particularly tasty. The name "Skunk Currant" comes from the smell when you crush a leaf. Perhaps the onus of the white pine blister rust has cast a permanent shadow over these species. Ribes is the only genus in the family Grossulariaceae. tiny glands on a minute stalk—difficult to see or photograph unless the light catches it just right, but glimpses of it can be seen in some of the images shown below. If you live outside of the primary natural range of white pine, it is an excellent choice for a fruitbearing understory shrub. A deciduous shrub 6 to 12 ft high, much branched; stems grey-hairy at first, sometimes producing sucker growths. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is a species of edges, swamps, and ledges in cold climate zones. White Currant (Ribes glandulosum) Birds will eat the red and black currants, but don’t see or eat the white. [iv] Reich, Lee. It seems highly likely that Eastern populations were brought here by Native Americans. Consequently, this lovely shrub with edible berries is less common than it once was. Thanks for your understanding. The genus Ribes contains nearly 150 species of low, woody shrubs found across the Northern Hemisphere and the Andes of South America.Ribes species with spiny stems are commonly called gooseberries and often placed in their own genus, Grossularia, which is also the root of the family name, Grossulariaceae. Skunk Currant (Ribes rotundifolium) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Rosales>Grossulariaceae>Ribes glandulosum Grauer Skunk Currant is an uncommon small deciduous prickly shrub found in North Carolina only in wet spots, such as seeps, at high elevations in the Mountains. Most currants have saucer-shaped flowers, but those of Northern Black Currant are more bell-shaped and … It is sometimes mislabelled as Ribes … Sanguineum means “blood-red;” referring to the color of the flowers; although the flowers are usually a rosy or pale pink. The white currant or whitecurrant is a group of cultivars of the red currant (Ribes rubrum), a species of flowering plant in the family Grossulariaceae, native to Europe. You may find plants with flowers ranging from white to a deep red. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The fruits are tasty, sweet with a bit of tanginess and fairly typical of the wild gooseberries, which have a generally similar (and always enjoyable) flavor to me. Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked [1, 2, 5, 7, 61]. The genus name (Ribes) is adapted from the Persian word for bitter, referring to the acrid fruit. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. 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